Robusta is grown on plantations in Southern Thailand,
mainly in the following provinces: Surat Thani, Chumporn,
Ranong, Nakorn Si Thammarat, Phang-Nga and Krabi.
Robusta coffee grows in lower altitudes. For the growers,
Robusta has many advantages: the trees are easier to
cultivate, more disease-resistant, can tolerate larger
temperature and moisture extremes, produce more beans
and their fruits mature considerably quicker than their
Arabica counterparts. At the same time, however, Robusta
is generally regarded as lesser quality beans and accordingly
yield lower prices.
Thai Robusta is of good quality and internationally
well established. Major export markets are the United
States, Europe, Japan and Singapore. In the local market,
Robusta is mainly used for all kinds of canned coffee
drinks as well as soluble (instant) coffee. Proper processing
and new roasting technologies, however, allow gourmet
and bean coffee roasters to also create good quality
blends with Thai Robusta.